US losing the AI arms race to China and Russia and could expose the nation to serious new threats

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National Security Commission says US is LOSING artificial intelligence arms race allowing rival countries to spy on American citizens and erode ‘individual privacy and civil liberties’

  • Report highlights the US is behind Russia and China in the AI arms race
  • Notes China has been using AI to spy on its people and gather data from the US
  • Russia is already testing AI-powered machines on the battlefield 

The US is trailing behind in the world’s artificial intelligence arms race, a new report warns.

The National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence explained China and Russia are ahead of the game and using this technology in their military operations to undermine US superiority.

The US group urges officials to developed AI-powered security and defense technologies before the US falls victim to increased cyberattacks, disinformation campaigns and the erosion of individual privacy and civil liberties.

The interim report was released on Tuesday, with the final report set to be out sometime next year.

This document is set to be handed to the US Secretary of Defense next year and includes key steps the government can take to position the US in the top spot.

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The US is trailing behind in the world’s AI arms race, a new report warns. The National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence explained China and Russia are far ahead and using technology in their military operations to undermine US superiority

The US is trailing behind in the world’s AI arms race, a new report warns. The National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence explained China and Russia are far ahead and using technology in their military operations to undermine US superiority

‘We are concerned that America’s role as the world’s leading innovator is threatened,’ wrote commission chairman (and former Google CEO) Eric Schmidt and vice chairman Robert Work in the report’s introduction.

‘We know strategic competitors are investing in research and applications.’

‘It is only reasonable to conclude that AI-enabled capabilities could be used to threaten our critical infrastructure, amplify disinformation campaigns and wage war.’

China, which the reports names as the ‘most serious strategic competitor’ has declared its mission to become the world leader in Artificial Intelligence (AI) by 2030 – and has pledged to $150 billion from now until then in order to see that it happens.

China has also been found by national security and law enforcement officials that China is extracting AI knowledge and technology from the United States to undermine our strategic advantages

China has also been found by national security and law enforcement officials that China is extracting AI knowledge and technology from the United States to undermine our strategic advantages

However, the the document also highlights areas where the country is using the technology for evil and not to protect itself from foreign invaders.

China uses the technology to ‘build a dystopian surveillance state, and aspires to create social credit systems that assign people to ‘blacklist’ based on who they communicate with, where they travel, what they buy and how they use their mobile phones’.

It has also been found by national security and law enforcement officials that China is extracting AI knowledge and technology from the United States to undermine our strategic advantages.

While China is using AI to infiltrate databases and people’s lives, Russia is using it to develop high-tech war machines.

While China is using AI to infiltrate databases and people’s lives, Russia is using it to develop high-tech war machines. In March of this year, Russia unveiled an army of 'killer robots' that will assist infantry on the battlefield in propaganda footage (pictured)

While China is using AI to infiltrate databases and people’s lives, Russia is using it to develop high-tech war machines. In March of this year, Russia unveiled an army of ‘killer robots’ that will assist infantry on the battlefield in propaganda footage (pictured)

‘Russia has already fielded armed robotic vehicles with autonomous features on the battlefield in support of a brutal dictator without evident regard for ethical considerations,’ reads the report.

‘It will almost certainly use AI to accelerate its efforts to violate the sovereignty of other states using hybrid warfare’.

In March of this year, Russia unveiled an army of ‘killer robots’ that will assist infantry on the battlefield in propaganda footage.

The video, released by the Kremlin, appeared to showcase the state’s latest drone technology that includes AI-controlled driverless tank, which follow the aim of a soldier’s rifle to obliterate targets with its own weaponry.

Russia’s Advanced Research Foundation (ARF) said the ultimate goal is to have an army of robots entirely controlled by Artificial Intelligence algorithms – technology far out of the US’s reach.

The preliminary report has laid out steps the US government can take in order to avoid falling victim to China’s and Russia’s AI capabilities.

The first effort is to invest in AI research and development, followed by using the technology in national security mission, then train and recruit AI talent.

It also suggests putting forth an effort towards building upon exiting technology and marshaling global AI corporations.in order to build AI partnerships with other like-minded nations.

WHAT IS CHINA’S SOCIAL CREDIT SYSTEM?

China plans to complete building the national social credit system by the end of 2020 after starting out in 2014. 

It is a national-level initiative approved by the country’s State Council and led by the National Development and Reform Commission as well as the People’s Bank of China.

The system rates the Chinese citizens based on their daily behaviour, and this could range from their bank credit to their social media activities.

By the end of 2020, the number of security cameras in China is due to be 600 million

By the end of 2020, the number of security cameras in China is due to be 600 million

Once built, the national system could determine how easy a citizen could rent a flat, buy travel tickets or pay for a cup of tea.

With a tagline of ‘once discredited, everywhere restricted’, it vows to punish ‘untrustworthy’ citizens – many of whom debtors – in all areas of life. 

It is backed by a nationwide database, which tracks and rates the activities of the country’s 1.4 billion people, mainly in financial and legal areas. 

The database is facilitated by information from major internet service providers, banks, utility companies, retailers, among others.

Individuals and companies can check their personal social credit report on Credit China.

China's social credit system rates the citizens based on their daily behaviour

China’s social credit system rates the citizens based on their daily behaviour

The social credit system is facilitated by China’s ever-expanding surveillance network, which currently boasts 200 million AI-powered cameras. 

The number of cameras is set to triple in two years when the system is built. 

The surveillance network has been billed as the world’s most powerful facial recognition system and aims to identify any one of its 1.4 billion citizens within three seconds. 

Critics, however, have voiced concerns over the system, claiming it’s a way for the government to invade citizens’ privacy and restrict their freedom.

As of March, 2019, 13.49 million Chinese citizens have been classified as untrustworthy throughout the country.

Some 3.59 million defaulters have paid off a total of 440 million yuan (£50) debts, according to China’s National Development and Reform Commission, which governs the social credit system.  

 

 



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